malaria rallySouthern Africa is once again gearing up for the “Racing Against Malaria” initiative (RAM 2), a car rally that passes through eight countries in the South Africa Development Community (SADC) to promote malaria control and elimination efforts in the region. Between April 14 and April 25 (World Malaria Day), the race from Lilongwe to Odnjiva (Angola) will bring together all malaria control programme teams from the region, as well as their key partners and stakeholders. At various stops in cross-border districts, partners will stress the importance of testing for, treating and tracking malaria cases in cross-border initiatives, aimed at malaria elimination.

Malaria deaths:

627 000 estimated malaria deaths globally
90% of all malaria deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa
77% occur in children under five

Malaria cases:

207 million malaria cases worldwide
80% of estimated cases occur in 18 countries.
About 40% of malaria deaths occur in just two countries: Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Population at risk:

3.4 billion (half of the world population)

Number of countries affected:

In 2013, 97 countries had on-going malaria transmission

Progress:

The malaria mortality rate was reduced in 2000 – 2012 globally by 42 %
in WHO African Region by 49 %
52 countries are on track to reduce their malaria case incidence rates by 75%, in line with World Health Assembly and Roll Back Malaria targets for 2015
These 52 countries only account for 4% (8 million) of the total estimated malaria cases

Economic cost of the disease:

Annual economic burden of malaria is estimated at least US$ 12 billion per year of direct losses in Africa, plus many times more than that in lost economic growth.

Costs of interventions:

Long-lasting insecticidal net that lasts three years: US$ 1.39 per person per year of protection
Course of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) for an adult: US$ 0.90 – 1.40
Course of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) for a young child: US$ 0.30 – 0.40
Rapid diagnostic test: US$ 0.50

Source: Roll Back Malaria